Endangered Buildings Initiative

Bellevue Psychopathic Hospital

Bellevue Psychopathic Hospital
Bellevue Psychopathic Hospital

510 First Ave, Manhattan


Although much of this distinguished campus of hospital buildings was designed by McKim, Mead & White, this structure, the Psychopathic Hospital, was designed by the less well-known team of Charles B. Meyers and Thompson Holmes and Converse. As an ensemble, the complex has a massive gravity balanced with modest but graceful open space that is missing from other more monolithic, modern hospital structures along First Avenue.

In November of 1999 the city’s Economic Development Corporation and the Health and Hospitals Corporation sought proposals for the 3.5 acres site. According to The New York Times, there were seven responses that called for renovating the psychiatric building and putting new structures on the rest of the site. One respondant was NYU Medical Center, which has a large facility immediately to the north.

Recent conversations with representatives of the NYC Economic Development Corporation confirmed that the previous request for proposals is moot and the future use of the property is under review.

Currently the building seems partially vacant, with windows left open in all weather. Numerous violations have been issued against it.

Another building on the property by McKim, Mead & White was restored, inside and out by the Department of Design and Construction, winning A Conservancy Lucy Moses Award in 2000. That building Houses the City’s Department of Children’s Services and is called the Children’s Center. It is a good example of what could be done with its neglected counterpart.

Neighborhood: Midtown East
Building use type: Institutional
Condition: Fair
Architect/Builder: Charles B. Meyers & Thompson, Holmes, & Converse
Year built: 1930-33
Style: Renaissance Revival
Predominant materials: Masonry
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Zoning: R8

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